Urethritis is an infectious disease, often occurs in chronic form. The symptoms interfere seriously, but sometimes you don't. The disease affects both men and women equally.
How to treat urethritis can be solved, only a medical professional after the test. The therapy is long and difficult. In case if the infection, the treatment not only the patient but also his sexual partner.
Before the treatment of the disease should be to figure out why. Only after you have established the cause you can talk about the proper treatment. There are several reasons that can develop the disease.
Often, urethritis infectious origin. Pathogens enter the body through a healthy person is a sexual contact or the use of other personal objects. Condoms are not always a hundred percent guarantee that pollution will not occur.
No infectious origin – urethritis in this case is not transmitted to the sexual contact. The cause of the infection in this case, bad treatment, medical equipment, allergies, damage to the urethra, etc.
The main symptom of the disease – pain when urinating. It is appropriate at this stage to go to a health institution, as most likely the development of the inflammatory process. If you ignore the symptoms, urination will be allocated pus. In some cases, the external urethra much inflamed.
- Full-urethritis – inflammation of the urethra. The symptoms are somewhat similar to the prostate. If not treated, the symptoms after a time disappears, but then followed by serious complications.
- Acute urethritis – sharp pain in urinating, burning sensation. The urethra is bright red, swelling. The urethra is a strong selection.
- Subacute – discharge from the urethra in small amounts, or miss it completely. The urine is a transparent color, and sometimes purulent.
- The chronic form can develop if not treated. The patient complains of neurotic phenomena, the urethra slight discharge.
Many people confuse urethritis, prostatitis, since both diseases are characterized by pain when urinating. Participate in the self-diagnosis is unacceptable. To any step in the treatment is also necessary.
Most patients do not know to what doctor to address the appearance of such symptoms. Those who often engages in questionable sexual contact, we recommend that you first visit the specialist. The presence of the partner constantly to apply to a gynecologist or urologist.
How to treat the urethritis will resolve, only the doctor. The elimination of viral, fungal, and bacterial urethritis, medicines on the basis of the sensitivity of microorganisms to them.
The pathogenic therapy includes those activities which are not designed to treat anatomical abnormalities of the urethra, adjacent organs. The treatment includes physical therapy techniques, medications. Sometimes it's not just the traditional medicine, but also folk remedies.
The acute form of the disease in patients with no sex, especially if you don't have a condom. In addition, you need to follow a proper diet. If there are signs of complications for each patient hospitality.
There are certain principles in treating patients:
- Examination of the patient. It is important to know that if any other disease or infection, if present, the treatment is more direction.
- Therapeutic interventions. In all cases, the selected individual scheme of treatment taking into account the stage of the disease, the age of the patient.
Between doctor, patient a trust relationship, so the treatment is more successful.
Treatment of bacterial shapes
Bacterial urethritis many forms of development, they all have their own characteristics, the treatment.
Gonorrhea of urethritis
As treatment of gonorrhea of urethritis in men and women? Disease refers to the process of Oncology treatment needs and the partner, regardless of whether there are complaints or not.
The main treatment is antibiotics. The simple process, more management.
Used, as well as the local treatment, in this case, use antiseptic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory effect. All the patients without exception, the immune-stimulating treatment, it is necessary to increase the body's defense system.
In order to ensure that the treatment was effective and the patient is healthy, should be performed, provocative tests. Two weeks later, after I finished the course of medication, examined, prostate, determining vesicles.
If the test results are not gonococcus in the urethra is injected the silver nitrate is placed intramuscular vaccine against the virus. Thus, it is possible to identify the pathogen.
After provocative samples of the harvested material through 24-48-72 hours. If the gonococcus is not found, re-examination is carried out in a month.
How to treat chlamydia urethritis? Chlamydia is a common cause of what is happening Neisseria urethritis. Characteristic of the disease, the symptoms often do not exist, the process is complicated.
Used in the treatment of immune-strengthening and antibacterial agents.
The disease is characterized by more women in the case, if the vagina is infected the micro-organism to that of bacterial vaginosis. Sexual contact, and the pathogen spread easily, so the men could be infected.
Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma urethritis
Form of the disease can occur, with chronic. Pathogens often men, often can cause a lot of complications – vesiculitis, and prostate. The treatment antibiotics of the group of tetracyclines or macrolides.
A few months after the treatment the patients undergo follow-up examination. In the presence of triggering factors of the disease recurrence.
Treatment of viral urethritis
Just like in the previous case, there are several forms of the disease, the treatment may vary.
Infection with the herpes virus the second type, is transmitted by sexual contact. The infection may occur, even if the patient's symptoms.
The treatment in this form difficult and time-consuming. The difficulty lies in the fact that the disease may occur in secret, and it's not always easy to identify.
The treatment using the antiviral drugs. If the treatment was not enough, the symptoms persist, so in the future.
Treatment of fungal urethritis
This form is not common, usually we are talking about patients who are suffering from diabetes or long antibiotics. The treatment local treatments.
At the discretion of the treating physician administered drugs for oral administration.
Treatment of Trichomonas urethritis
Trichomonas is a common pathogen of the disease, transmitted mainly by sexual contact. In women, the infectious living in the walls of the vagina, the male is the determining vesicles and the prostate. Often, the disease occurs in a latent form.
Interesting! In men, the disease appears a few weeks after infection. Worried, itching, discharge.
Periods of downturn are often replaced by phases of remission. One of the most common complications after the prostate.
Can also be applied to the traditional methods of treatment, but only after consulting the doctor.
Treatment needs of both partners. After the completion of treatment after a certain period of time, the second test:
- two weeks after the treatment;
- the women screened in the three of the menstrual cycle;
- the men every three months.
How to treat cystitis, urethritis in women can be solved only by the doctor, neither of which the self is not speech.
Urethritis is an insidious and unpleasant disease, not only has the ability to be asymptomatic, but may lead to the development of numerous complications.
So, what can lead urethritis:
- vesiculitis – an inflammatory process affecting, determining blisters;
- epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis;
- cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder;
- prostate inflammation of the prostate;
- with the support of only phimosis – the ring of the foreskin is narrowed;
- balanoposthitis – inflammation of the glans of the penis, or foreskin.
The most important the prevention of urethritis is to minimize all factors that can disrupt the microflora.
Include the following:
- improper diet – you need to minimize the use of harmful products;
- the stress;
- genital infections should be treated;
- if you have sex you need to use contraception;
- compliance with the rules of personal hygiene;
- sexual life regular.
Special attention should be paid to the hormonal background, many diseases develop because it's broken. The sexual life must be respected hygiene. For example, to engage in vaginal sex after anal is only possible after a thorough cleaning.
Urethritis during pregnancy can be dangerous because the disease will be passed on to the child. To protect themselves from the disease completely, of course, that doesn't works, but preventative measures, timely medical monitoring reduces the risk of infection is minimal.