BPH in men: symptoms, treatment, diagnosis

Modern medicine is often faced with cases of BPH. Symptoms, treatment, opinion of the men the various methods of treatment — this is important information, which has to be seen to be a representative of the male sex. After all, the earlier people pay attention to the symptoms, the doctor, the greater the probability that the disease will be able to cope with without serious consequences.

Adenoma of the prostate in men

General information of the disease. Statistics

Why develop BPH in men? Symptoms, treatment, opinions, or other therapeutic procedures described below. But first you need to learn general information.

The prostate is a unique organ, which is located under the bladder, which is the first part of the urethra. Sometimes, for one reason or another begins an unusual cell division in the prostate, which leads to strong, rapid growth of connective tissue, increase the size of your prostate, the formation of the fabrics, knots, and other gaskets. In this case, and they say that the adenoma (by the way, the medical science to describe the disease often use the term "prostatic hyperplasia").

Hyperplasia benign, but persistent increase in the size of the prostate overlaps the normal flow of urine from the bladder, which is full of dangerous complications. According to the statistics, the disease is recorded more often in patients older than 50 years. Approximately 90 % of men over 80 suffer from some form of hypertrophy.

The main reason that the development of an adenoma

The modern medical practice is very often recorded incidence of BPH in men. Symptoms, treatment, opinions, or other methods of treatment — information, which is interested in all patients. But we first need to understand the reasons for the development of the pathology.

Unfortunately, the exact mechanisms of the disease development is not fully understood. However, risk factors exist in a list is also available.

The first thing to remember is the age. As already mentioned, in most cases, the problem is that men over the age of 50 years. This can be attributed to the hormonal changes caused by aging, the testosterone level slowly decreases, but the number of female sex hormones in part to increases, which can affect the prostate tissue. On the other hand, the adenoma is not considered a natural part of the aging. In addition to the problem with which, and the young men, however, are much less likely.

Potentially dangerous the sedentary lifestyle and sedentary work, because it leads to stagnation of the blood in the pelvic area, which the tissues don't receive enough nutrients, oxygen.

There is a relationship between the development of hypertrophy, and obesity. That's why doctors recommend to carefully monitor your body mass index.

The list of risk factors include poor diet, because it affects all organ systems and, again, often leads to obesity.

The relationship between the development of hypertrophy, as well as addictions, promiscuous was not found. Despite this, the statistical studies show that men are leading a healthy, active lifestyle, that's the problem a lot less often.


What symptoms accompany the disease?

Unfortunately, the first developmental stage of the disease occurs without symptoms. But gradually infringed upon, and the severity is more intense with increasing adenoma. The disease symptoms are the following:

  • urination, frequent, including at night;
  • urine stream becomes weak, often interrupted;
  • bladder the person strain the abdominal wall;
  • incontinence;
  • leakage of urine after emptying bladder;
  • pain in the prostate adenoma are present, especially if the disease, inflammation and other complications;
  • the urine is often cloudy, it is possible to notice blood impurities;
  • you have problems with erections;
  • I have a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.

The first stage of development of the adenoma: the main symptoms

Symptoms, treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia is closely related: the more expressed human concern for the patient, the more radical methods of treatment selected by the doctor. Of course, the clinical picture largely depends on the developmental stage of the disease.

As already mentioned, the first stage of hyperplasia often occurs without symptoms. If a signal appears, the patients tend to ignore them, attributing to a little discomfort, as many opinions.

The urine flow slows down. Must be emptied, the man, the strain of the abdominal muscles. The patients have the urge to urinate more often, not only in the day time — people are forced, repeatedly get up at night, which of course affects the emotional condition of the patient, as well as the quality rest.

Characteristics of the clinical picture, in the second stage

In the second phase, accompanied by more pronounced symptoms. Emptying of the bladder according to the patient will be a difficult task for one person to constantly strain, which often leads to the development of, or worsening of existing hemorrhoids, the hernia formation.

Urine stream becomes weak, often interrupted — completely empty the bladder fails, with the result that the liquid begins to stagnate, which can lead to the development of various inflammatory diseases. Night urination, frequent, often, patients note that wake up dozens of times.

Incontinence, urine leakage, that's another problem, which is with the men. This, of course, affects the emotional state and social activity of patients. Becoming withdrawn, anxious, irritable.

The third section

The prostate symptoms

In the latter stages of the disease is hard to ignore. The bladder wall is stretched, which can lead to the short-term relief (e.g., pain disappears, and then a constant feeling of incomplete emptying).

However, the urge to evacuate, very often become mandatory — the assessment, the man can't influence or stop the process of urination. Urinary incontinence is often so pronounced that the patient requires the installation of the urine-the device or the used diapers.

It is at this stage often develop kidney stones, various kidney damage (or renal failure). In addition, there are the systemic symptoms that are associated with any disruption to the urinary system. Men often complain about dry mouth, constant weakness, loss of appetite, weight loss, constipation. At this stage, the patients usually require removal of the prostate. But even after a properly performed surgery, urinary tract problems, unfortunately, continue.

How dangerous is BPH? The list of possible complications

For months, often years, the disease occurs without any noticeable symptoms. This is the danger of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Complications, if not treated can be extremely dangerous:

  • If the enlarged prostate constricts the urine-secreting channel, then develops acute urinary retention. Usually this happens if you are exposed to certain risk factors, which include errors in the diet, nervous stress, hypothermia. Urine accumulates in the bladder, accompanied by pain in the lumbar area. The man can't urinate. This is a medical emergency immediate medical help in the resumption of the outflow of urine, it sets a special catheter. If you don't perform the procedure, the time, there is probability of damage or perforation of the bladder wall.
  • Stagnation of urine creates ideal conditions for the rapid population growth pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microorganisms. Adenoma often complicate the various infectious diseases of the bladder, or the kidneys (e.g., develop pyelonephritis).
  • The stagnant urine is often caused by the formation of solid concretions in the bladder and urolithiasis.
  • Fluid accumulates in the cavity of the bladder, which leads to the stretching of the pathological changes, and sometimes damage to the walls of the body.
  • Increased pressure in the bladder affects the kidney condition — is a widening of the ureters, cups, pelvis. Severe forms of hypertrophy of the prostate gland can lead to kidney failure.

Therefore, in any case, you shouldn't ignore such diseases as prostate adenoma. The symptoms, treatment, diagnosis and peculiarities of surgical intervention information, you have to see.

Diagnostic measures

Notice myself worrying symptoms to your specialist. In this case, binding of the full diagnosis, it is important to not only confirm the presence of hypertrophy, but also to determine the stage of the development, to check the patient the presence of certain complications.

First, of course, carried out a general examination, which includes palpation of the prostate during the procedure, the doctor also noticed an increase in, and to change the structure of the body.

Laboratory tests of the BPH is required. Performed blood biochemical examination and testing of the level of sex hormones. In addition, necessary laboratory examination of urine, which helps to confirm the presence of inflammation in some organs of the excretory system.

Necessarily performed ultrasound of the prostate. During the procedure, the doctor can determine the exact size of the gland, sensing the stones, to measure the residual urine, to check the status of the urinary tract.

More accurate results are obtained, if the magnetic resonance.

The histological examination of the prostate is appropriate if it is suspected that the presence of a malignant process.


Features of medical treatment

Medications for the treatment of BPH (no operation) doesn't help to get rid of the existing enlargement is worth understanding. But with the help of properly selected medicine does not take the control of further abnormal growth of the prostate tissue to relieve discomfort and pain, and normalizes the functioning of the organs of the excretory system.

As a general rule, the BPH using alpha-blockers, inhibitors of 5-alpha-reductase, the enzyme - blockers of the muscarinic receptors. Furthermore, the system of treatment include phosphodiesterase inhibitors fifth type, which will help you eliminate the problems with erection. This is a list of effective tools. Treatment of BPH also involves the correct diet and the regular exercises, which help to restore the normal blood circulation in the pelvic area.

Folk treatment of BPH

Sometimes drug therapy can be added to the herbal teas, and other recipes of traditional medicine.

Effective is the decoction of the bark of aspen. In the case of BPH, this helps to cope with the unpleasant symptoms, especially the pain in the bowel, and incontinence. Prepare the drug just 100 g of dried bark pour a liter of boiling water and continue on low heat for 15-20 minutes. After the soup is already cold, channel. The folk healers recommend that you take the medicine once a day (1 bottle).

Patients with adenoma, it is recommended to include in your diet, the pumpkin — I need to eat every day.

The drug can be prepared from peeled chestnut. 25 g chopped peel pour a glass of alcohol, and insist in a dark place for 10 days. You need to get a drop twice a day. The duration of treatment is 20 days, after which you need to ten-day break.

Folk treatment of BPH only possible with the permission of the doctor. Of course, the above devices do not replace a complete medical treatment, they play only a supporting role.

Preventive measures

The following a few simple guidelines will greatly reduce the likelihood of problems.

It is important to maintain a good physical condition, especially if we are talking about a man sedentary work or a sedentary lifestyle. This helps to prevent the stagnation of the blood, the pool, and to relieve the masses of any problems.

Doctors are advised to carefully monitor the body weight, as obesity is one of the risk factors.

Folk treatment of BPH

Your diet is also important for the prevention. To give up, greasy meat, the amount of consumed animal fats (e.g., margarine, butter, milk). Harmful or helpful flour products, and alcohol.

It is necessary to abandon the bad habits — they have a negative impact on the health.

At least once a year to perform routine maintenance checks. The earlier the disease is diagnosed, the better the chances of quick recovery without complications.

What you need to do the patients, who have already discovered the BPH? The symptoms of the treatment, in this case related to the treatment, it is better to start in the early stages of the disease. And to prevent the development of complications (kidney stones, acute urinary retention, etc.), it is necessary to refuse the hot, spicy food, alcohol (especially beer). In addition, patients should avoid exposure, and the time to empty the bladder. It is important to avoid constipation you need to enter into the dietary fiber, drink plenty of fluids and, if necessary, to take laxatives.

The appearance of any alarming symptoms — a reason to go to the doctor, tests, and pass several tests. You already know what the signs of BPH, together with can not be ignored in any case.