The urethra channel where the urine entering the environment during urination. The inflammation of the urethra, which can cause mechanical trauma, hypothermia, different types of bacteria, fungi, viruses, called urethritis. The disease affected the two sexes equally. The infection in most cases, be transmitted to the sexual contact.
The urethritis symptoms
The duration of treatment and the antibiotic treatment depends on the characteristics of the flow of the urethra inflammation and its intensity. In men, the disease is more severe.
Non-infectious urethritis is manifested, on the first day. The symptoms of infectious urethritis may occur within 1-3 weeks, or more years (tuberculous urethritis) – it all depends on the type of pathogen.
The main symptoms are the following:
- itching, burning sensation in the urination;
- sharp pain in the penis;
- specific discharge with an unpleasant odor;
- spotting when urinating;
- swelling of the genitals, as well as a little redness;
- frequent urination the urination.
When the first symptoms should immediately consult a urologist for examination.
Attention! If the disease is not treated, it can become chronic, because of the complications. This will lead to more serious consequences: inflammation of the testes, cystitis, infertility, etc.
In order to prescribe the proper treatment, you need to understand what type of urethritis is. Are divided into infectious and infectious.
- gonorrhea of;
Gonorrhea of urethral inflammation. Accompanied by severe pain in the time urination. The color of urine becomes turbid in the presence of blood. Mucus turns yellow.
Virus. In these cases, the symptoms are mild. Maybe it's because conjunctivitis and inflammation of the joints.
Bacterial. Symptoms may occur several months after infection. Pus have a foul smell and green color.
Trichomonas. There are constant urge to urinate accompanied by pain, itching, burning in the upper part of the penis. Selection will be gray.
Chlamydia. In most cases, the symptoms are absent. May be present a small selection. Usually occurs in the chronic form.
Tuberculosis. Tuberculosis of the kidney, and the reproductive organs can cause urethritis. The symptoms are mild, or accompanied by fatigue, sweating, low fever.
- congestion ;
Congestion urethritis. Rarely accompanied by the symptoms of infectious urethritis. Violation of the functions of the sexual organs.
Traumatic. The symptoms depends on the injury type. No pain, a burning sensation in the urination.
Allergic. The main symptom is the presence of edema, which is accompanied by itching and burning in the region of the penis.
The therapy is prescribed only after passing the necessary tests, and to identify the type of urethritis. The drug is properly selected, the specific characteristics and the complexity of the disease.
During the course of the medication the patient should give up spicy, salty foods, alcohol. The best, if the doctor will prescribe a special diet.
Important! Even if the symptoms persist, stop treatment, as this can lead to complications, and the disease in a chronic form.
The complex therapy is the prescribed treatment:
- The use of antibiotics.
- The probiotics.
- The immunomodulatory.
- The vitamins.
- The antihistamines.
Note! The combination drug therapy can be used folk remedies in the form of decoctions, infusions or creams, which can be very effective.
Treatment of urethritis
For the entire period of treatment to leave sexual intercourse or use a barrier type of contraceptive. The partner also needs to pass a series of tests to identify urethritis, treatment. The first place to fight the disease prescribe antibiotic therapy. There are several types of antibiotics at the same time, the presence of certain complications.
Attention! Need expert advice on the antibiotic treatment. Self-prescribing can lead to a wrong treatment.
In addition to antibiotic treatment, the patient is usually prescribed antimicrobial.
Antihistamines are prescribed primarily to allergic urethritis.After a antibiotic treatment should be carried out the treatment with probiotics to restore the normal microflora, and also recommended vitamins. To restore the normal functioning of the body after the treatment can be given immunomodulatory. The most famous of the drug Polyoxidonium, which can be applied at the time of antibiotic treatment after.
As additional treatment can be applied to the tablet is of vegetable origin. Herbal drug is able to exert a diuretic, anti-microbial activity to reduce the pain, inflammation and improves kidney and strengthens the effects of antibiotics.
Often patients with a chronic form of the disease, but the doctors are homeopaths. Homeopaths claim that the treatment of urethritis homeopathic remedies are not less effective than the antibiotics. During the treatment, the doctors warn that the symptoms return in a severe form, then comes the recovery period. Experts note the presence of many positive reviews, the patient, after treatment by homeopathy.
The traditional methods of treatment of urethritis
Using the traditional methods, the treatment of the disease can be used as supplementary resources for faster healing.
Is widely used the infusion of the roots of couch grass, a good anti-inflammatory effect.
- The product 4 teaspoon of rhizome and pour a glass of cold water and let soak overnight.
- The morning dose of the water, the beer, the rhizomes Cup of boiling water. Tool drink during the day, divided into four doses.
Parsley is also effective to relieve the symptoms, and the healing. The preparation of herbs, a spoonful of raw, steamed 0.5 liters of hot water. After a few hours, decant the infusion and apply 3 tbsp. l. 5-6 times a day.
Good results in the treatment is an infusion of oak bark, which is used as a cream.
- A Cup of boiling water, brew a tablespoon of the bark and infuse for several hours.
- The resulting infusion used locally.
- The procedure can be repeated more than three consecutive days. This period is also recommended to refrain from sexual contact.
To relieve the symptoms can also help decoction of the leaves of currants, fruits, drinks made from the berries. To prepare the broth a Cup of boiling water, brew 1 tablespoon of raw materials to insist hour. Decoction drink during the day. We recommend that you use the blueberries or the juice to relieve the inflammatory process. Well help you in the treatment of urethritis herbal teas, which applies to all infectious or non infectious urethritis.
- To prepare the broth take the herb st. john's wort, chamomile, elderberry, cornflower blue a spoonful of each ingredient. The dry mixture brewed Cup of boiling water and leave to infuse for an hour. All the infusion is recommended to drink before going to bed.
- Lime blossom can also be used in the treatment of urethral inflammation, as a diuretic, anti-inflammatory drugs. The decoction of lime flowers to relieve the symptoms of cramps. Linden flowers (2 tablespoons) pour boiling water (500 ml.) but you insist half an hour. The whole infusion, before going to sleep.
Widely used for the treatment of urethritis leaves of blueberry. These are diuretic, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect.
- To prepare the soup, use 2 tablespoons of dry leaves, pour a glass of boiling water.
- Infusion, let stand for 20 minutes, then filtered.
- It is recommended to consume 2 tablespoons before each meal.
The course of treatment herbs can be 25-30 days, then you need a little break to 2 weeks. Since most urethritis is the sexually transmitted, the male is extremely wary of the random connections.
- You need to use the contraception, which protect against infection.
- You also need to perform regular hygiene procedures to avoid infection of internal genital organs.
- In the case of infection, there should be a medical treatment simultaneously with regular partner to avoid relapse (infectious urethritis).
- To avoid the non-infectious urethritis, it is recommended to avoid hypothermia and severe physical exertion. Recommended time to empty the bladder when you urinate.
Urethritis, treatment should appoint a doctor can occur in both sexes. However, in women, the inflammation is accompanied by less discomfort. This is primarily due to the length of the male urethra is approximately 6 times more than women.
As urethritis in men? The cause of the pathology, as a rule, mechanical injury, or infection. Injury may occur if performed medical procedures, or the presence of urolithiasis. Infection occurs during sexual contact, if your partner is the patient, the Sexually transmitted diseases. Since the lack of hygiene can also cause urethritis in men (treatment: antibiotics and other drug pathology should be appointed to a specialist). In this case, the examination of the doctor. Also, pathology can develop as a result of the hypothermia. In this case, decrease the immunity. As a result, the pathogenic micro-organisms start to work actively, often freely penetrate into the human body. If the treatment of urethritis in men is not carried out in time, likely complications, such as inflammation, prostate, testes, but even the infertility.
Urethritis in males of this species refers to no specific type. The inflammation is a consequence of the activities of various micro-organisms. In general, pathogens Escherichia coli, Streptococcus, chlamydia. If the inflammation of the urethra may appear purulent discharge.
Another name for pathology – of candidal urethritis. For men it's relatively rare. Pathology occurs in patients with diabetes. Also mycotics form may develop due to prolonged antibiotic treatment. Pathology is accompanied by a white or watery discharge, mild symptoms. The complications can also be the prostate.
The pathology of this type of pathogen that is different from the specific (chlamydia, herpes, etc.), or more organisations at the same time. This area today is not sufficiently investigated. Professionals search for the possible causes of the disease. Probably this could be the prostate, or an allergic reaction.
This pathology is caused by the penetration of the organism gram-negative diplococci. These pathogens don't just show up the urethra, but also infect the mucous membranes of the urogenital system. The gonorrhea of urethritis marked redness of the outlet, the seal on the head, purulent discharge, burning, sharp pain.
This form is characterized by asymptomatic, or accompanied by purulent discharge, swelling of the outlet, redness. Incubation time and pathology is dangerous. It can become a provoking factor for subsequent infection of sexual partners. Men who have frequent unprotected sex with different partners regularly visit the specialist.
Vigilant attitude to the manifestation of a pathology will prevent the long-term treatment, urethritis in men. The main symptoms of the disease are the following:
- Burning, sharp pain in the process of the emission of the urine, itching.
- River, having, as a rule, the unpleasant smell.
- Hyperthermia (sometimes).
The incubation period after which there are signs of the pathology depends on the form of the disease can be spread for several hours (if allergic) to several years (the TB). If you suspect that the disease should immediately seek medical help. The expert determines the type of the pathology to prescribe the therapeutic measures.
During the examination appointed:
- A blood test.
- The research on the sexually transmitted diseases.
- Urine test (it turns out that the level of white blood cells).
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
- Analysis to determine the sensitivity of pathogens to antibiotics.
If you do not spend a timely treatment of urethritis in men, the disease is of a chronic character. This, in turn, is filled with severe complications. One of the most serious consequences should be considered prostate. This pathology is characterized by inflammation of the prostate. Furthermore, chronic urethritis, the urethra is narrowed, inflamed testicles, and determining the blisters.
How is the treatment of urethritis in men? Agents that are assigned to a specialist whose goal is the destruction of the pathogen of the disease is necessary the symptoms of the disease. The treatment includes drugs such groups as the antioxidants, antiseptic agents, devices, immunotherapy, immunomodulators, antibiotics. Drugs appointed both locally and by mouth. The dosage and dosage prescribed by the doctor. To eliminate and prevent the side effects, we recommend antihistamines. During the treatment to keep the proper nutrition, give up bad habits, eliminate alcohol.