Urethritis is a disease, which is the manifestation of the inflammatory process in the urethra. The most striking symptoms of urethritis are expressed, painful urination during, as well as the appearance on the urethra. This disease is diagnosed in patients of both sexes.
Types of urethritis
Urethritis is an infectious disease, therefore, the development result of the exposure to the infectious. Such errors can be viruses, fungi, bacteria, etc. Also in extremely rare cases, there are disease, radiation, toxic, allergic or other types of urethritis.
Depending on the effect of a pathogen develops urethritis, distinguish between two different types of the disease: urethritis-specific or non-specific. In the first case, the appearance of a unique to provoke urethritis (chlamydia, gonococcus, Ureaplasma, etc.) These infections can be combined with exposure to other viruses, fungi, bacteria, the body is also more infections. In this case, the disease is complicated by the fact that, as usually people are not fixed, if the acute stage of the disease becomes chronic.
Non-specific urethritis is manifested due to the effect of conditionally pathogenic microflora. The occurrence provoked staphylococcusok, streptococci, Escherichia coli, fungi, etc. the Disease in both cases, develops, and manifests itself in practically the same way. But it is important to note that if the detection of sexually transmitted infection the sexual partners of the patient should be screened to manage.
Features of urethritis
As a general rule, the manifestation of specific urethritis after intercourse. However, it happens that an infected person at a time becomes the carrier of the infection. In this case, the disease may become manifest at any time. Because sexual contact can occur, but non-specific urethritis.
The reason for this is that the development of the inflammatory process in the urethra will be error immunity of the channel wall. The urethra is constantly contaminated to an infection through the blood, the guts, the skin of the other places. Especially severe infection occurs during sexual intercourse. Consequently, while the wall of the urethra is able to cope with the infection, the disease does not develop. But the slightest disturbance in the defense mechanism of inflammation, which is accompanied by the accompanying symptoms.
A number of factors, which often become predisposing to the process of the disease. First urethritis in men and women may occur due to single or continuous exposure. In the event the urethra inflammation affects the presence of urolithiasis. When the sand or stone move through the urethra, it is possible to damage the walls of the later appearance of urethritis. Predispose the patient to penis trauma, too strenuous exercise, irregular sexual life. However, too high of the sexual activity and frequent change of partners also that can trigger the development of the disease. It is not recommended to often eat spicy food, salty, sour dishes, pickled vegetables, a large quantity of alcohol. Getting into the urine, substances in such foods can irritate the wall of the channel. At the end of may to inflammation or to show the progression of the existing disease.
Provoking factors urethritis symptoms often become sufficient drinking water: irregular urination to provoke the delay of the bacteria in the body, because the urine washes the bladder wall. Sometime between trips to the toilet the inflammation risk is significantly increased. Also urethritis may occur in the background, occurring in chronic inflammation in the body.
So many factors might be important in the development of urethritis. Consequently, this disease can affect anyone.
The urethritis symptoms
The very beginning of the disease are manifested pronounced urethritis symptoms: pain, stinging, burning sensation and itching during urination. Also in the process of urination you feel any other uncomfortable symptoms. Such feelings arise, the genitals, and the dam.
Another important symptom of urethra inflammation, the appearance of the river in the urethra. Could be varied. So, depending on what pathogen is triggered, urethritis, the discharge is very abundant, or very little. During acute disease the edge of the outer hole can become inflamed and stick together. However, in some cases, the development of urethritis is usually not accompanied by secretions.
Any further exacerbation of the disease, the inflammation affects increasingly significant part of the mucous membrane of the urethra. Therefore, the symptoms of the urethra inflammation in all the aggravation of getting more pronounced. Therefore, if the disease is not treated with appropriate methods, it may be that the complications of urethritis.
If you consider that the symptoms of urethritis in terms of the symptoms, some types of disease, some noticeable differences in the clinical picture.
So, the acute urethritis in men and women main symptom is severe burning pain during urination, the presence of abundant discharge from the urethra, swelling, redness, the lips, the urethra. By torpi you urethritis observed in subjective symptoms. Does not appear clearly in some cases, completely missing.
In the case of sub-acute urethritis a reduction, the pain, the swelling, the urethra also reduces the amount of secretion. Only in the morning sometimes manifests itself in the bark. The urine is a transparent shade, it might be purulent thread.
The chronic urethritis, which manifests itself in that incorrect treatment, or total lack of, possible neurotic phenomena. Most often this form of urethritis present, there is little discharge from the urethra. Becoming more abundant, provided that the available few factors which the worsening of the disease. It could be that the excessive consumption of alcohol, restlessness, hypothermia. The symptoms of the urethra inflammation of the chronic form is often similar to the symptoms of urethritis.
The total urethritis is characterized by inflammation of the urethra as a whole. The symptoms in this form of the disease similar to the symptoms of prostate. It is important to note that the treatment in the absence of symptoms of bladder infection may disappear on their own. However, each exacerbation of the disease symptoms expressed even stronger. As a result, it may happen that the patient with severe complications of urethritis.
Diagnosis of urethritis
The correct treatment necessary, first, to correct the diagnosis. First, the doctor's trying to figure out what's causing the event of urethritis in the patient. So, to establish the causative agent of the disease, there are different laboratory tests (smear, DNA diagnostics, PCR). Often the doctor orders an ultrasound of the pelvic organs, to properly assess the condition. Control the results obtained, the patient is assigned to a particular therapy.
Treatment of urethritis
The treatment of urethritis was the most efficient, you first need to determine which infection is caused by inflammatory processes in the urethra. The treatment of cancer of the same order, and in the treatment of thrush, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and other diseases of the reproductive system. Against pathogenic micro-organisms use of other drugs. First, the antibiotics as well as remedies for anti-fungal, and antiviral action.
It is important that the treatment of urethritis happened simultaneously in both sexual partners, because smaller is the probability of transmission during sexual intercourse.
Both the specific and non-specific urethritis are treated, guided by the same principles. Such a classification is important from the standpoint of specific selection of drugs for the treatment of urethritis, and also to understand whether there is a need for the treatment of sexual partners of the patient.
If the patient is diagnosed with a combination of urethritis and cystitis, it is important that a complex approach to the treatment. The doctor is obliged to appoint the application of physiotherapy procedures as well as the instillation of drugs into the bladder, and the urethra. The treatment process in the last few days, or few weeks, depending on the severity of the disease.
It is important the correct approach to the treatment of the patient. Effectively not only the drugs, but prescribed by the doctor diet, abstinence, alcohol, drink plenty of fluids.
After therapy is over, the symptoms disappear, it should be mandatory to have to perform the tests again to monitor the patient's condition. This will help to ensure that the infection is destroyed.