Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the prostate gland. Contagious and non-contagious in nature. Regardless of its form, it is necessary to complicate prostatitis, including drug and non-drug therapy.
Types of prostatitis and treatment
Due to proliferation, infectious and non-infectious prostatitis is distinguished.
Infectious diseases are caused by the activity of infectious agents that cause prostatitis. According to the type of pathogen, bacterial or fungal inflammation is differentiated. It can be triggered by the activity of opportunistic microorganisms that are always present in a man's body and from sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia or Trichomonas.
This disease develops on the basis of the impaired immunity. In most cases, this type of prostatitis is caused by opportunistic microorganisms, for example, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, staph. A healthy body can prevent infection, but inflammation develops on the basis of reduced immunity.
Non-infectious prostatitis is the result of a sedentary lifestyle. Its development is caused by an obstruction in the pelvic organs - impaired blood circulation, lymphatic flow, or a stagnation of prostate secretion. Factors provoking the development of this inflammatory form:
- reduced immunity;
- reduced motivation;
- unusual sex life.
Congestive prostatitis is believed to be a disease of office workers. The disease develops on the basis of hypotension, as a result of which a decrease in metabolism and an impaired prostate activity.
Men's sex life plays an important role in the development of congestive prostatitis. Lack of sexual activity leads to hypotonia of the prostate gland and congestion of secretions. This causes edema of the organs and the development of inflammation. At the same time, excessive sexual activity (more than 2-3 intercourse per day) leads to organ failure and can also cause the development of the disease.
In essence, prostatitis is divided into acute and chronic. The acute form is characterized by an exacerbation of specific symptoms, including:
- frequently wants to urinate;
- pain and burning in the urethra;
- bladder spasm;
- pain in the episiotomy;
- erectile dysfunction.
Urination accompanied by severe pain in the urethra, caused by an enlarged prostate gland compressing the urethra.
Acute prostatitis can be successfully treated with timely full drug therapy indications. In the absence of proper treatment, it becomes chronic. The disease is accompanied by impairment of male sexual function and various disorders of the urinary system.
Chronic prostatitis can be contagious or not contagious. And in fact, and in another case, it is characterized by periodic exacerbations, in which the symptoms are acute. Related exacerbations of the disease, first of all, a decrease in immunity.
Before starting treatment, the patient must undergo all tests to determine the type of inflammatory process and the type of pathogen. For this, an analysis of prostate secretion is performed, an ultrasound and MRI of the organ is performed.
Comprehensive Treatment of Prostatitis includes:
- drug therapy;
- increases immunity;
- physiotherapy methods;
- diet therapy;
- lifestyle changes.
Drug treatment depends on the form of the disease. In inflammatory conditions, antibacterial drugs are the main treatment. Their selection was based on the results of a prostate analysis.
For non-infectious prostatitis in the acute phase, anti-inflammatory drugs are used to treat symptoms. The main part of therapy is performed with drugs that normalize the function of the organ.
Complex treatment of prostatitis necessarily involves the use of drugs to improve immunity. It can be both topical (rectal suppository) and immunomodulatory in pill form. The selection of drugs is only made by a doctor.
In bacterial prostatitis, the main treatment is anti-infection, in congestive prostatitis - to improve the function of the prostate gland.
Comprehensive treatment for prostatitis begins with symptom relief medications that normalize prostate function and improve health. With infectious prostatitis, the basis of treatment is antibiotics.
Drugs of the following groups are used to treat:
Penicillin and tetracycline are rarely used in urological practice because of their low therapeutic effect and a large number of side effects. Pathogenic microorganisms that stimulate the inflammatory process rapidly develop a resistance to the effect of the drug in this group, which negatively affects the therapeutic effect of the drug.
However, quite good results are achieved with the combination of drugs.
In most cases, macrolide pills are prescribed. Their advantages lie in the broad spectrum of action, good resistance of the organism and high bioavailability, whereby the drug components penetrate the tissues of the prostate gland.
Recently, doctors increasingly prefer fluoroquinolone drugs. They are broad-spectrum antibacterial drugs that have a number of advantages over conventional antibiotics.
Since fluoroquinolones, unlike antibiotics, are synthetic drugs with absolutely no natural analogues, treatment with these drugs is more effective, since there is no development of antibiotic resistance of the germ. sick.
Fluoroquinolones quickly penetrates the prostate tissue, is well tolerated by the body and rarely causes side effects. Usually, doctors prescribe drugs with levofloxacin in the composition. The course takes at least 28 days, pills take 1-2 tablets. The exact dosage and dosage regimen are selected by the doctor on an individual basis. In some cases, intramuscular injection of the drug may be indicated, after which the course of treatment is reduced.
For the complex treatment of non-infectious chronic prostatitis, anti-inflammatory drugs are used.
Such drugs have a symptomatic treatment effect, eliminate pain and stop the inflammatory process. It is recommended to prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs in suppositories - thanks to this form of release, the active substance goes directly to the tissues of the prostate gland.
In infectious inflammatory diseases, anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed in short bursts to relieve symptoms, but for noninfectious prostatitis they are the treatment oftreatment because antibiotics are not used for this form of the disease.
To treat congestive prostatitis, bioactive drugs are often used to normalize the function of the prostate gland.
As a rule, these are preparations based on prostate extracts of young bulls. The drug improves the properties of the prostate gland, reduces inflammation and reduces edema. With non-infectious prostatitis, long-term use to eliminate inflammation. With bacterial prostatitis, this drug is indicated for the restoration of organ function after treatment with antibiotics.
For congestive prostatitis, suppositories are often prescribed with propolis and bee products, ichthyol or pumpkin seed oil. These drugs are aimed at normalizing the activity of the prostate gland, having an anti-inflammatory effect and increasing local immunity.
Preparations for the improvement of immunity
The prostate gland during the complex treatment of prostatitis must be in contact with many different drugs. In order to avoid a relapse of the disease after a course of treatment, several measures are shown to increase immunity.
For this purpose, specify:
- zinc preparations;
- tablets with echinacea extract;
- vitamin complex;
- vitamin E.
Zinc, selenium and vitamin E are essential for the normal functioning of the prostate gland. Urologists often prescribe bioactive supplements that contain many of these substances.
A vitamin specially designed for men is also recommended. Such preparations contain a complex of substances intended to normalize the activity of the genitourinary system.
Injections of echinacea extract are prescribed to reduce the risk of exacerbations and recovery from antibiotic therapy, but it is no less effective in tablet form.
In chronic prostatitis, a multivitamin should be taken twice a year to reduce the risk of an exacerbation.
Physiotherapy and massage
In chronic prostatitis, physiotherapy is indicated to eliminate obstruction. Usually acupuncture, current and magnetic exposure methods, darsonvalization are used. In the case of bacterial inflammation, such methods are not used, as they can stimulate the spread of pathogens throughout the body along the blood stream.
In case of prostatic hyperplasia, rectal massage is indicated. Such procedures are performed by a qualified specialist - a urologist or an antenatal specialist. Massage therapy has from 10 to 15 courses.
Physical therapy stimulates blood circulation in the pelvic organs, eliminates lymphatic obstruction, and normalizes the flow of prostate secretions. The course of treatment allows you to restore the normal functioning of the organ and have a positive effect on the potency.
Surgical treatment for prostatitis is only possible in case of complications.
With infectious prostatitis, a prostate abscess may form. This requires the patient to be hospitalized immediately and manipulated, in which the abscess is opened and its contents removed.
In chronic prostatitis, the urethra can become narrowed, leading to an acute urinary retention. In this case, surgery is performed and a catheter is placed to remove the urine. In addition, with a severe course of the disease, fibrosis may develop, so scars appear on the tissues of the prostate gland. In this case, a surgery is performed in which the sealed areas are removed with the help of a laser.
Lifestyle & Nutrition
Comprehensive treatment of prostatitis includes lifestyle changes, normalizing your diet and giving up bad habits. Diet for prostatitis is not strict, but excludes any fast food, semi-finished products, bacon. Need to give up alcohol and tobacco.
Men's healthy foods should be in the diet:
- pumpkin and olive seed oils;
- nuts and honey;
- pumpkin seeds;
- fermented dairy products.
With a stagnant prostatitis, exercise regularly. Physical activity should be aimed at normalizing blood circulation in the lower body.
plays an important role in a patient's sex life. With prostatitis, you need to have sex regularly, at least 3 times a week. At the same time, excessive sexual activity is not acceptable, as it depresses the prostate gland.
If not, adequate drug treatment, proper nutrition and the abandonment of bad habits will cure prostatitis. However, after getting inflammation, a man should see a urologist every year and undergo a thorough examination of the prostate gland.