Prostatitis is the most common pathology of the genitourinary system in men of reproductive age. With prostatitis, the prostate gland becomes inflamed and swollen.
The disease is conservative. Patients are prescribed drugs to help improve diuretics, reduce inflammation of the glandular organs, and inhibit the prostate's pathogenic microflora.
Treatment is complemented by diet, exercise therapy, and a host of other activities. Physiotherapeutic procedures may be prescribed, including prostate massage.
The reason for prostatitis
Prostatitis is a disease accompanied by inflammation of the glandular organs. The disease usually progresses due to the penetration of pathogenic microflora into the prostate gland. Furthermore, inflammation can be caused not only by bacteria, but also by fungal microorganisms.
Prostatitis is often the result of sexually transmitted diseases, including candidiasis, trichomoniasis, syphilis, human papillomavirus, chlamydia and others.
Other factors can also cause prostatitis, namely:
- Lack of physical activity.
- Prolonged sexual abstinence, or vice versa, excessive sexual activity.
- Unbalanced, obese diet.
- The presence of chronic diseases of the genitourinary system.
- Perineal injury.
- Hormonal disorders, including insufficient synthesis of testosterone (male sex hormone).
- Harmful working conditions.
- Too hot in the pelvic area.
- Smoking, drug and alcohol addiction.
Important!Congenital abnormalities of the urethra can also cause prostatitis.
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Prostatitis
Considering the cause of the prostatitis in men and the drug treatment, it is impossible to ignore the symptoms of the disease. As you know, prostatitis can have different causes.
The doctor differentiates prostatitis due to stasis, fungus, bacteria, autoimmune, asymptomatic, allergic. The most common forms are stasis and bacteria.
The typical symptoms of prostatitis are:
- Increases the urge to urinate. Frequency increases at night.
- Intermittent and painful urination. If prostatitis is caused by pathogenic microorganisms, the urine becomes cloudy and pus / viscous / mucus impurities appear in it.
- Violation effect. In severe cases, erectile dysfunction develops.
- Premature ejaculation. In contrast, with prostatitis, a man cannot complete for a long time.
- Pain in the perineum and pubic. Pain syndrome increases with intercourse and during urination.
- Burning and itching in the urethra.
With the development of an acute form of bacterial prostatitis, a man develops intoxication symptoms. The body temperature rises, general weakness, insomnia and irritability appear.
If you experience symptoms specific to prostatitis, you should consult a urologist. Diagnosis involves passing a number of tests and testing of the instrument.
Patient should be prescribed prostate ultrasound, prostate LHC implantation, prostate digital rectal examination, general and biochemical blood test, urine analysis, PSA blood test, PCR, sperm scan.
Important!After diagnosis, the physician diagnoses and prescribes suitable drugs.
What medications are used for prostatitis?
In the treatment of prostatitis, antibiotics are the basis of therapy. Broad spectrum antibiotics are used. Patients may be prescribed cephalosporin, fluoroquinolon, macrolide, and penicillin.
Antibiotics prevent infection, which in turn can stop inflammatory processes in the prostate gland.
In addition to antibiotics, they are prescribed:
- alpha blockers.The drug is used both in the treatment of prostatitis and in the treatment of prostate tumors. The drug helps to improve urine output and reduce the unpleasant symptoms of urination. The drug should be used for a long time.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug.They are used in exacerbations of prostatitis. Medications to help relieve pain. NSAIDs are used in the form of tablets, solution for injection, and suppositories.
- Endocrine drugs.They are prescribed if NSAIDs do not provide pain relief.
- Biomodulatory peptides.These drugs contain bovine prostate extract. Modern peptides help suppress inflammation and improve tissue nutrition. In addition, the fund contributes to the normalization of the potency and blood circulation in the small pelvis.
Pharmaceutical dietary supplements, homeopaths and natural remedies can be used for auxiliary purposes. It may even be used to prevent prostatitis.
If you want to normalize the effect, you can use PDE-5 inhibitors, homeopathic remedies or dietary supplements.
It should be noted that 5-alpha reductase inhibitors are not used for prostatitis. These drugs are prescribed for benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Important!If the diagnosis shows that there are stones in the prostate gland, the patient is indicated for surgery.
Just using prostatitis medicine is not enough. In order to transition the disease into stable remission, a complex, well-structured therapy will be required.
In the form of congestive disease, a finger massage of the prostate gland is required. The procedure must be performed by a urologist. If you don't want to see your doctor constantly, you can buy a prostate stimulator.
Such a device will help to perform massage at any convenient time of the day. The stimulant instructions say they must be injected into the anus. The douche is preliminarily placed, a condom is put into the instrument, and cleans the anorectal area. Modern massage machines with vibrating heads increase the effectiveness of physical therapy.
It is also recommended for the patient:
- Limit the amount of fatty, sweet, and starchy foods in your diet. Ideally, go on a low-carb diet.
- Do exercise therapy, live an active lifestyle. Absolutely can play sports. The most useful sports are swimming, Nordic walking, running, yoga.
- Having a sex life. Mandatory use of barrier contraception (condom). Having sex regularly improves blood circulation in the pelvis and the flow of secretions out of the prostate gland.
- Adhere to a daily routine, sleeping 6-8 hours a day.
- Give up addiction. Scientific reviews have shown that men who smoke, use drugs and alcohol are more likely to develop prostatitis. That's why doctors recommend giving up these bad habits once and for all.
- Alternative methods of treatment of prostatitis may be used. They are not panacea, and can only act as a supplement. Pretty folk remedies are infusion of witch hazel, wormwood-colored water, candles with propolis, and parsley-colored water.
Based on the above, we can conclude that prostatitis is not a sentence. This disease is quite treatable. With timely access to doctors, you can get rid of the disease quickly and almost painlessly.
Do not let the disease go away on its own, as prostatitis is an extremely dangerous condition. Late treatment sees more BPH, prostate cancer, infertility, impotence, premature ejaculation.