How to determine prostatitis? This question is often asked by doctors. According to doctors, only during a general examination can the inflammatory process in the prostate be determined.
Verbal questions and physical exams are conducted for diagnosis. Furthermore, the doctor appoints instrumental and laboratory studies for the patient. Based on the data obtained, the final diagnosis is made and the treatment strategies selected.
Prostatitis can be removed with medicine or surgery. The priority is always to be treated with drugs. Surgical interventions are indicated only if an abscess, tumor or other complications of the disease develops.
What are the symptoms of prostatitis?
Prostatitis is a disease in which the prostate gland becomes inflamed. In this case, the organ may increase in size and swell. As a result of the development of inflammatory processes, dysfunction appears, the quality of spermatozoa decreases and sexual disorders develop.
How can I recognize male prostatitis and differentiate it from other conditions? Everything is quite simple, because the disease has its characteristic signs. But, unfortunately, the disease can be asymptomatic for a long time, so it is usually diagnosed at a later stage.
So the following symptoms are inherent to prostatitis:
- Urgent disorder. It can manifest with frequent urination, interrupted urination and even urinary retention. At night, the patient is tormented by the urge to urinate. After emptying the bladder, there may be a feeling of incomplete emptiness.
- Painful sensation. Prostatitis, episiotomy pain. The severity of symptoms increases during urination and during sex. The pain can spread to the testicles, lower back, and penis.
- Constipation. Observed in the chronic form of congestive prostatitis.
- Sexual dysfunction. The patient's ability and libido decrease, premature ejaculation. On the contrary, a man finds it difficult to ejaculate during sex. The severity of orgasm with prostatitis decreased.
- Blood or mucus in the urine. In this case, severe itching in the urethra may occur during urination. These symptoms are observed in the bacterial form of the disease.
- Reduces the sperm quantity and quality parameters.
- Feeling of nausea, chills, fever, general weakness, body aches. These signs are characteristic of acute bacterial prostatitis.
Important!If any of the above symptoms appear, you should immediately contact a urologist.
How is a diagnosis made?
Health checkup and questions
Let's take a closer look at the question of how to recognize prostatitis in men. The patient should first see a urologist. The doctor must study the patient's historical data and determine whether the man has previous chronic diseases of the genitourinary system.
Initially, a prostate physical exam was done. The doctor inserts a finger into the patient's anus and examines the gland by touching. Distinguishing a healthy prostate gland from a diseased prostate is very simple. If the organ is inflamed, when palpated, the doctor finds that the pancreas is swollen and heterogeneous in structure. In principle, prostatitis can be diagnosed at this stage.
For an accurate clinical picture, an oral question is performed. Urologist clarifies:
- What is the patient's lifestyle.
- How long ago did the symptoms of prostatitis appear?
- Have you ever had any infectious disease / virus?
- What does the patient's labor activity involve.
- Has the patient undergone surgical intervention to the pelvic organs?
Important!In addition, your doctor can do a physical exam of your scrotum area. The physician pays attention to the size of the scrotum, its shape and consistency, as well as the ability of the testicles to move.
To determine prostatitis, instrumental diagnosis is required. The primary diagnostic measure is an ultrasound exam (ultrasound) of the prostate gland.
Ultrasound is performed in a number of ways. The organ can be examined through the anterior abdominal wall, or using a dedicated rectal sensor. A more accurate clinical picture can be obtained using the transducer.
In addition to an ultrasound, a prescription can be prescribed:
- Measure backflow.
- MRI of the prostate gland.
- CT scan of the prostate gland.
Important!If benign / malignant tumor is suspected, biopsy of gland organs may be recommended.
Research in the lab
In the case of prostatitis, some tests are required. Laboratory diagnostics will help you to be able to understand exactly what triggers pathogenic processes in the glandular organs and whether prostatitis is of a bacterial / infectious nature in this case.
First of all, the patient is ordered to have a blood test for PSA - the specific antigen of the prostate gland. Testing is needed to find out if there is a risk of BPH / cancer. Usually, the PSA level should tend to be zero.
In addition to a blood test for PSA, the following are recommended:
- Sperm imaging.
- Complete blood count.
- Cytological, generalized and bacteriological analysis in urine.
- Take a gauze pad from the urethra.
- Study of pancreatic secretion.
- Research by PCR method.
Important!Based on the collected data, the doctor can make the final diagnosis and from there choose the treatment strategy.
How To Treat Prostatitis?
The way to detect prostatitis is very clear. Consider the treatments for prostatitis right away. So, as noted above, there are two ways to solve the problem - conservative treatment or surgery.
Surgery is indicated if prostatitis is accompanied by complications such as BPH, abscess, urinary retention, anuria, stones in the glandular organs. Three main techniques are used - prostatectomy, prostatectomy, and laser therapy.
Prudent treatment is preferred and used in the vast majority of cases. It offers:
- Leading a healthy lifestyle. Patients must understand that bad habits slow down the healing process. You will have to quit smoking and alcohol once and for all.
- Balanced nutrition. In case of urinary diseases, it is imperative to follow the diet. Fatty, semi-finished, fast food, and fried foods should be eliminated from your diet. Carbonated drinks are also prohibited, as they irritate the bowels, not beneficial for prostatitis.
- Physiotherapy treatments. You can get rid of inflammatory processes through acupuncture, fat burning, electrophoresis, UHT, Thai massage. Prostate massage is also very helpful.
- Avoid hypothermia as this is the main cause of congestive prostatitis.
- Are taking some medications for prostatitis. Antibiotics, biosregulating peptides, alpha-1 blockers, NSAIDs, antispasmodics, and plant preparations are prescribed.
- Have a good sex life (if possible). If a man restricts sex, then he may develop prostatitis again after treatment. Sexual activity with inflammation of the pancreas is beneficial. The main thing is to use barrier contraception.
In addition, the patient can use traditional methods of healing. But remember that they are nothing more than an addition. With inflammation of the pancreas, chamomile juice, honey soaked in alcohol, and seeds with chrysanthemum are very helpful.